Tsukure Mad Labs Blown Fuse Indicator

This blown fuse indicator will work with a wide range of DC supply voltages from 5V to 50V. It illuminates LED1 when the fuse blows. With the fuse intact, Q1 is held off and there is no bias current available for the base of Q2. So the LED is off. When the fuse blows, a small current flows via the base-emitter junctions of Darlington transistor Q1, through its base resistor R1 and then via the load. Typically this current will be around 20μA and this turns on Q1 which provides base current to Q2 which then turns on to illuminate the LED.

The emitter current of Q2 is limited by Q3 which turns when the current reaches about 10mA, to shunt base current away from Q2. The three resistor values not given in the circuit are dependent on the supply voltage and can be calculated from the following simple equations:

  • R1(kΩ) = V(DC)/0.02 = 560kΩ for 12V DC
  • R2(kΩ) = V(DC)/2 = 5.6kΩ for 12V DC
  • R3(Ω) = V(DC)/0.02 = 560Ω for 12V DC

R3 should be included for voltages above about 20V otherwise the heat dissipation in Q2 will be too great. At lower voltages it can be omitted. Any general purpose NPN transistors can be used for Q2 and Q3, provided they will handle the DC supply voltage. The PNP Darlington, Q1, could be an MPSA65.

 

Components used in this module...

Find out more about the components used in this STEM Module.

Let's Get Started!

Below you will find a list of bits to gather before hand, followed by a detailed schematic. Using a breadboard lay out the components and connect them together as shown. Alternatively you can purchase this module from our shop and simply solder the components in the places indicated on the quality assured printed circuit boards provided.


What You Need...


1 5mm Red (Diffused) LED
1 560K
[ Green, Blue, Black, Orange ]
Resistor (0.25 Watt)
1 560R Resistor (0.25 Watt)
1 5K6
[ Green, Blue, Black, Brown ]
Resistor (0.25 Watt)
1 680R
[ Blue, Gray, Black, Black ]
Resistor (0.25 Watt)
1 68R
[ Blue, Gray, Black, Gold ]
Resistor (0.25 Watt)
2 BC547 Transistor (NPN)
1 MPSA65 Transistor (PNP)

NB: Any resistor colour codes specified relate to 5 band resistor codes, the 5th band has not been shown intentionally. The 5th band indicates the resistor tolerence, we use only the highest tolerence resistors in our products.


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