Tsukure Studio Microphone Amplifier
Simple Mic audio amplifier can amplify sound that is given from Microphone. This circuit can be used as “Small mic and loudspeaker system” for a small space like a room. This circuit can also be used in many applications like portable music players, intercoms, radio amplifiers, TV sound systems, Ultrasonic drivers etc. It can also be used as sound sensor for microcontrollers. It is inexpensive, low power operated and only need few components to work. This circuit is based on LM386 IC to amplify sound.
The LM386 is a low voltage audio amplifier and frequently used in battery powered music devices like radios, guitars, toys etc. The gain range is 20 to 200, gain is internally set to 20 (without using external component) but can be increased to 200 by using resistor and capacitor between PIN 1 and 8, or just with a capacitor. Voltage gain simply means that Voltage out is 200 times the Voltage IN. LM386 has a wide supply voltage range 4-12v.
PIN 1 and 8: These are the gain control PINs, internally the gain is set to 20 but it can be increased up to 200 by using a capacitor between PIN 1 and 8. We have used 10uF capacitor C1 to get the highest gain i.e. 200. Gain can be adjusted to any value between 20 to 200 by using proper capacitor.
Pin 2 and 3: These are the input PINs for sound signals. Pin 2 is the negative input terminal, connected to the ground. Pin 3 is the positive input terminal, in which sound signal is fed to be amplified. In our circuit it is connected to the positive terminal of the condenser mic with a 100k potentiometer RV1. Potentiometer acts as volume control knob.
A capacitor C5 of 0.1uF has also been used along with potentiometer, to remove the DC component of input signal and only allow audio (AC component) to be fed into LM386.
Components used in this module...
Find out more about the components used in this STEM Module.
Let's Get Started!
Below you will find a list of bits to gather before hand, followed by a detailed schematic. Using a breadboard lay out the components and connect them together as shown. Alternatively you can purchase this module from our shop and simply solder the components in the places indicated on the quality assured printed circuit boards provided.
What You Need...
|1||104 (100nF / 0.1uF)||Capacitor (Ceramic)|
|1||503 (50nF / 0.05uF)||Capacitor (Ceramic)|
|2||PCB Mount 2-Pin Screw Terminal Block||Connector (Other)|
|1||LM386N||Integrated Circuit (IC)|
|1||1 Watt / 8 Ohm Full Range (2.8 cm)||Loudspeaker|
[ Brown, Black, Black, Red ]
|Resistor (0.25 Watt)|
|1||100K||Resistor (Potentiometer / Variable)|
NB: Any resistor colour codes specified relate to 5 band resistor codes, the 5th band has not been shown intentionally. The 5th band indicates the resistor tolerence, we use only the highest tolerence resistors in our products.
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Just An Idea!
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